NCERT Solutions:- The Flamingo book of Class 12th Students has been developed for English Course. We are going to Provide you all important Questions and Answers with pdf of Chapter 5 Indigo Written by Louis Fischer .
Indigo Question And Answers
Why did Rajkumar Shukla want to take Gandhiji notice . to Champaran ? Or Who led Gandhiji to Champaran and why ?
Answer : Rajkumar Shukla wanted that Gandhiji himself should see the condition of the indigo farmers of Champaran . That’s why he led Gandhiji to Champaran .
Why did Gandhiji feel that taking the Champaran case to the court was useless ?
Answer : Gandhiji went to Champaran to fight the case of peasants . He collected all the information there and reached a conclusion that it was useless taking the Champaran case to the court . He found that the peasants were crushed and fear – stricken . He realised that the making the peasants free from the fear of British landlords was more important than fighting for them .
Why is Rajkumar Shukla described as being ‘ resolute ?
Answer : He was not literate but resolute . He has come to the congress session to complain against the injustice of the landlord system in Bihar. He accompanied him everywhere . He waited till Gandhiji free . Gandhiji was impressed by his tenacity and finally went with him to Bihar .
Why do you think the servants thought Gandhiji An to be another peasant?
Answer : Rajkumar Shukla was a peasant . He would visit Rajendra Prasad regarding peasants ‘ problem. Gandhiji accompanied Rajkumar Shukla . So Q. the servant thought that Gandhiji was also a peasant .
List the places that Gandhiji visited between his first meeting with Shukla and his arrival at Champaran .
Answer : Gandhi’s first meeting with Shukla was at Lucknow . Then he went to Cawnpore ( Kanpur ) and other parts of India . He returned to his ashram Ahmedabad . Later he went to Calcutta , Patna and Muzaffarpur before arriving at Champaran .
What did the peasants pay the British landloads as rent ? What did the British now want instead and why ? What would be the impact of synthetic indigo on the prices of natural indigo?
Answer : The peasants paid the British landlords indigo as rent . Now Germany had developed synthetic indigo. So, the British landlords wanted money as compensation for being released from the 15 per cent arrangement . The prices of natural indigo would go down due to the synthetic indigo.
Why did Gandhiji agree to a settlement of 25 per cent refund to the farmers ?
Answer : The British landlords agreed to make refunds to the peasant . Gandhiji agreed to the settlement of 25 per cent refund to the farmers because for him the amount of money was not so important as the token victory of the peasants .
What was the attitude of the average Indian in smaller localities towards advocates of home rule ‘ ?
Answer : The average Indians in smaller localities were so much afraid of the British government that they did not entertain advocates of home rule at their houses . They dared not show any sympathy towards them .
Why do you think Gandhiji considered the Champaran episode to be a turning point in hi life ?
Answer : The Champaran episode was a turning point i Gandhi’s life because his method consisting disobedience and acceptance of punishmen came out successful . The whole nation came know that they would oppose the British.
Indigo (Long Answers Type Questions)
Describe the difficulties faced by Gandhiji at Champaran? Answer : British Landlord’s no – cooperated association arrangement of Indigo share – cropping .
The solve the irksome British commissioner of Tirhut division of the champaran district bullied Gandhi and advised to leave Tirhut . Superintendent’s messenger served Gandhi an The British Police official notice to immediately . Gandhi received a summons to leave Champaran appear in the court . Health conditions were miserable . Gandhi noticed the filthy state of women . People were inadvertant on personal cleanliness and community sanitation . They were scored of the British government officials , landlords and so on . The peasants were poor and disunited . They were illiterate and less worldly wise . People were not self – respect . Ans . The to
What did Gandhiji do to improve the cultural and social backwardness in the Champaran villages ?
Answer : He saw the cultural and social backwardness in the Champaran villages . He wanted to do something about it immediately . Mahadev Desai and Narhari Parika , two youngmen joined Gandhiji as disciples . Even their wives volunteered for the work . Many more came from Bombay , Poona and other distant parts . Gandhi’s son Davdas also joined them . Primary schools were opened in six villages . Kasturba taught cleanliness and sanitation.
How do we know that ordinary people too contributed to the freedom movement ?
Answer : Professor J.B. Kriplani received Gandhiji at Muzaffarpur railway station at midnight . He had a large body of students with him . Sharecroppers from Champaran came on foot and by conveyance to see Muzaffarpur lawyers too called on him . A vast Gandhiji . multitude greeted Gandhiji when he reached Motihari railway station . Thousands of people demonstrated around the court room . This shows that ordinary people too contributed to the freedom movement in India.
“Freedom from fear is more important than legal justice for the poor . Do you think that the poor of India are free tom fear after Independence ?
Answer : For the poor of India means of survival are for more important than freedom or legal justice . I don’t think the poor of India are free from fear after Independence . The foreign rulers have been replaced by corrupt politicians and self – serving bureaucracy . Power – brokers and moneylenders have a field day . The situation has improved in cities and towns for the poor but the poor in the remote villages still fear the big farmers and moneylenders . The police and revenue officials are still objects of terror for them . The poor , landless workers have to still work hard to make both ends meet . Peasants and tenant – farmers have to borrow money from rich moneylenders on exorbitant rates of interest , which usually they fail to repay due to failure of monsoon or bad crops . Cases of small farmers committing suicide are quite common . If this is not due to fear , what is the reason behind it ?
How did the episode change the plight of the peasants ?
Answer: The in were peasant Champaran sharecroppers . The peasant were to grow indigo on 15 % of their land . They were forced to give their crop as rent to the British landlords . With the advent of synthetic indigo , the British land lords asked for compensation from the peasants to free them from the agreement . After the episode of 25 per cent refund of money , the farmers came to know that they had rights and defenders . They learned behave to courageously . The British landlords were so much demoralised that they abandoned their estate which was given to the peasants and indigo share cropping disappeared.
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